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Phonics is a way to teach people to read words by breaking them down (decoding) into individual sounds (phonemes).  These sounds can be blended together to create the word.

Two words that are used in phonics are phonemes and graphemes.


These are the individual sounds that, when blended together, make up a word.  They do not necessarily refer to the letters that make up the word.
For example the word make contains four letters but is made up of three phonemes m... ae... k...

There are 44 phonemes which are split into two groups vowels and consonants.  There are 20 vowel phonemes and 24 consonant phonemes.

To hear all 44 of these phonemes download our Phonics app, for free, from Google Play.


Graphemes are the different variations in which a phoneme sound is written down.  I.e. the sound is the same but it can be written in several ways.
For example ae is also found in words as ai, ay, a-e, or a (where the hyphen in a-e represents a letter in between, e.g. k in make)


Saying each phoneme sound in order to say the word.  I.e. blending the sounds together in order to say the word.

Break a word down into separate sounds (phonemes) so that it can be written.  This skill is very important in spelling.

Breaking down words into separate sounds (phonemes) in order to read them.

Putting sounds (phonemes) together in order to write words.

Tricky Words
These are words that can't easily be decoded.

CVC Words
Cconsonant Vowel Consonant words.  These are words that are made up of three phonemes in the order consonant phoneme, vowel phoneme, and consontant phoneme.  The do not necessarily have three letters as they are referring to the sounds.
Here are two examples of CVC words: hat (h... a... t...) and show (sh... o... w...).


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